Vlado Menkovski bio photo

Vlado Menkovski

Assistant Professor at Eindhoven University of Technology.

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Authors: F. Matos, V. Menkovski, F. Felici, A. Pau, F. Jenko (the TCV Team and the EUROfusion MST1 Team)

Abstract During a tokamak discharge, the plasma can vary between different confinement regimes: Low (L), High (H) and, in some cases, a temporary (intermediate state), called Dithering (D). In addition, while the plasma is in H mode, Edge Localized Modes (ELMs) can occur. The automatic detection of changes between these states, and of ELMs, is important for tokamak operation. Motivated by this, and by recent developments in Deep Learning (DL), we developed and compared two methods for automatic detection of the occurrence of L-D-H transitions and ELMs, applied on data from the TCV tokamak. These methods consist in a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and a Convolutional Long Short Term Memory Neural Network (Conv-LSTM). We measured our results with regards to ELMs using ROC curves and Youden’s score index, and regarding state detection using Cohen’s Kappa Index.

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